Known as the Clonycavan Man, the well-preserved remains indicate that the body was not that of a man who died a natural or honorable death, but one who was brutally murdered. The mysteries surrounding his death are plentiful. Who was this man?
Both bodies date from the Iron Age: Evidence for this lies in their gruesome and specialized deaths. Clonycavan man suffered at least two blows from a heavy object probably an ax that shattered his skull and the bridge of his nose.
Old Croghan Man suffered even more injuries. Evidence of a wound in his arm suggests he tried to defend himself as he was struck in the chest and neck then decapitated and dismembered. Hazel branches were threaded through holes in his upper arms.
Preservation Clonycavan Man and Old Croghan Man are not as intact as previous cases that we have covered but what is left of their bodies is very well preserved. Old Croghan Man consists only of a torso with arms while Clonycavan Man has retained his head, parts of his arms, torso, and abdomen.
One of the most striking characteristics of Clonycavan Man is his hair. The implications of this will be discussed in the culture section. Further analysis of his hair revealed that he had been living on a diet high in vegetables, possibly indicating that he died in summer BBC.
Analysis of these fingernails indicated that he had been eating a meat heavy diet Owen BBC. This could be because of his high social status but it could also mean that he died in a colder time of year BBC.
Another disparity between the two men is their height. The remarkable state of preservation that these two bodies were found in, despite not being entirely intact, greatly contributed to the understanding and connection with early Irish culture and people.
See bibliography Culture The society of celtic Ireland between B. Their hands were so pristine that fingerprints were able to be recorded from the 2, year old bodies. In addition, Clonycavan man styled his hair into a mohawk with hair gel consisting of vegetable plant oil mixed with resin from pine trees found in Spain and southwest France.
This is evidence of a complex network of trade routes linking the far reaches of Europe during the Iron age. Found on Old Croghan was a prestigous leather amulet decorated with rare metal alloys including bronze.
It was decorated with celtic designs representing the sun, a symbol closely associated with Irish kingship during the time.
In addition to a sign of wealth and power, the amulet likely functioned with some kind of spiritual signifigance.
However, why were these bodies found mutilated in so many different ways in addition to their sacrifice? An analysis of distribution of the bodies, including 40 other Irish bog bodies, brings a new development to the mystery of celtic sacrifice in Ireland.
All the bodies coincide with borders of ancient Irish kingdoms so they are possibly royal sacrifices of very special status individuals. These may have been high ranking hostages or possibly a rejected ruler, as mentioned in the Cause of Death section.
Kelly believes that these sacrifices were part of an ancient tradition which consisted of a symbolic marriage between kings and a fertility goddess; in addition, he believes that tradition at the time included sucking the nipples of the king — which would account for the fact that both of these bodies had cut nipples.
According to Kelly, each injury suffered represented a different aspect of the goddess including fertility, sovereignty, and war. His last meal contained symbols of fertility, cereals and buttermilk.
This is in contrast to his diet which regurally included meat, a luxury in the quantities apparent in his body. This is of course only one interpretation and only future discoveries can provide more clues into celtic ritual.
Ethics The Old Croghan man and the Clonycavan Man are two interesting bog body finds in Ireland, being discovered within a few months of each other. In the same article in which he is quoted above there was another striking comment.
Apparently the last two bog bodies found in Ireland underwent rather extensive and expensive analysis and conservation. This is not at all surprising; however, what is surprising is the mention that part of the funding for this analysis and conservation came from an outside company.
The company gave the museum the money because they wanted to tape a documentary about the processes that the bodies would undergo in the preservation and analysis. It seems to me that the company who put forward the money was less interested in the actual science that was being done and more interested in getting a thrilling television segment out of such a fantastic historical and scientific find.
All information taken from the Anlstrom article on Irishtimes.Radiocarbon dating showed that Clonycavan Man lived between and B.C.
and Old Croghan Man between and B.C., the height of the Celtic Iron Age. Like Grauballe Man and Lindow Man, both men were young, showed few signs of physical labor during their . The Iron Age bodies of Clonycavan Man and Old Croghan Man are on display at the museum, which sits in a wing of Leinster House, the Irish parliament.
Assessment Task #2 - Ancient Human Remains Clonycaven Man/ Old Croghan Man 1) The site of discovery and the events which brought the remains to light 2) Scientific dating techniques 3) Forensic analysis of the remains to help determines the cause and context of death New technology, scientific dating and forensic analysis has made an immense.
Radiocarbon dating showed that Clonycavan Man lived between and B.C. and Old Croghan Man between and B.C., the height of the Celtic Iron Age. Like Grauballe Man and Lindow Man, both men were young, showed few signs of physical labor during their lives, and were healthy at the time of their deaths.
Clonycaven Man/ Old Croghan Man 1) The site of discovery and the events which brought the remains to light 2) Scientific dating techniques 3) Forensic analysis of the remains to help determines the cause and context of death. 25 miles away from old croghan man Clonycaven, County Meath, and near Croghan Hill, A Secondary source of the cloneycavens hair My History Mystery Task Elizabeth Kynaston Theory 2 Hypothesis Missing half his body What really happened to the other part of his body Holes through his upper arms.