Fishing fleets are 40 percent larger than the ocean can sustain. Sincethe global economy has tripled in size and population has grown by 30 percent to 6 billion people. The analsysis, by the World Resources Institute WRI warns that if the decline continues it could have devastating implications for human development and the welfare of all species.
May 27th, By Joshua Lim Category: Featured Articles This a guest post by Joshua Lim. He spent a few years in college as a Baptist before moving back to a confessional Reformed denomination URCNA prior to entering seminary. He was received into full communion with the Catholic Church this year on April 21st, the feast day of St.
He plans on continuing his studies in systematic theology. Joshua Lim It is hard to pinpoint any single factor that led to my conversion. Before coming to an actual decision point, I had never considered Catholicism to be an option for anyone in search of truth; even when I was most open to it, I would have sooner turned to agnosticism than to Rome.
And yet, here I am, a Roman Catholic — and a happy one, at that. In order to understand why I converted to Catholicism, it is perhaps best to begin with my move from broad evangelicalism to a more traditional expression of Protestantism.
I was born and raised in the Presbyterian church. During high school, thanks to one devoted pastor, I began to study Doctrine of frustration causes and effects Bible seriously and ended up leaving the Presbyterianism of my youth and becoming a Baptist.
The Baptist church I subsequently joined was generally Calvinist and was composed of college students and young adults who were very fervent in their devotion to the Lord. The pastor and elders highly emphasized sola scriptura, community, holy living, revival, and missions.
While theology was prized, there was, in my opinion, an anti-intellectual ethos, and the study of too much theology, which was often held in contrast to the Bible, was sometimes frowned upon. Despite the relatively small size of the church, or perhaps because of it, there was a sense that, in many ways, we were the only truly biblical church.
Over time, I began to grow uncomfortable with the arbitrariness of such a small and isolated church structure the pastor seemed to have as much authority as the pope ; this, combined with my own Luther-like angst caused by the almost solely sanctification-driven sermons as well as a youthful zeal on my part ultimately pushed me toward the more traditional Reformed expression of Protestantism.
Eventually, through the writings of Geerhardus Vos and Meredith Kline, I ended up rejecting Dispensationalism; further study led me to the writings of Michael Horton, who emphasized the centrality of the preached Word as well as the regular administration of the Sacraments which were, in good Protestant form, two: I came to greatly appreciate the sacraments as well as the liturgical form of worship in contrast to the often inconsistent and subjectivistic tendencies of the majority of evangelicalism.
Moreover, my law-induced angst was alleviated by the gospel of free justification sola gratia et sola fide. Yet, it was not very long until my Nietzschean drive for truth was left desiring something more.
Though Barth vehemently denounced Catholicism, I still found a certain Catholic tendency, an ecumenical spirit, if you will, throughout his work.
It was his writing that gradually opened me up to actually listen to opposing views; not in such a way that made me invulnerable to criticism—reading opposing views through my own lenses—but rather attempting to understand each view according to its own perspective and presuppositions.
I also began to read the Bible in this way; rather than interpret the text in such a way so as to accommodate a certain notion of justification sola fide, I tried to understand how other traditions understood Scripture; and I often found these competing interpretations to be, in their own right, very compelling.
This, no doubt, left me highly dissatisfied with the Reformed confessionalism that I had come to love. While I initially believed these narratives to be true, it became harder for me to see such distinctions as anything but an arbitrary defense mechanism.
Yet, it was unclear how such a recovery could not immediately devolve into the in-fighting typical of Reformed denominations indeed, it seems impossible to even get to the point where such a devolution could occur.
At least on this point, it seems that Charles Finney had a degree of truth on his side: If the confessions do not have, at least in practice, the same authority as the Magisterium, it does not seem that they have any authority at all. The moment someone disagrees with the confession or a given interpretation of the confession on biblical grounds, they no longer need to submit themselves to that governing body.
And that this has actually happened throughout history is not difficult to substantiate. These irresolvable doubts led me to the slough of despond. On the one hand, I could not return to broad Evangelicalism because of its naive biblicism condemned both by confessional Protestants as much as by Romebut on the other hand, I could not remain a confessional Reformed Christian.
Barth was of little help here. Though Barth was undoubtedly reacting to the Protestant Liberalism of his time, his own christocentric solution only held things in abeyance without giving a permanent solution.
The perceiving of impermanence, bhikkhus, developed and frequently practiced, removes all sensual passion, removes all passion for material existence, removes all passion for becoming, removes all ignorance, removes and abolishes all conceit of "I am.". Legal effects of frustration; The English common law view is that frustration operates not only automatically (i.e. without the choice or election of either party) but also totally. Church Growth Through Cell Groups: A Consideration of Four Books on Cell Church Methodology Print/Download: PDF DOC The following is an adaptation of a work concerning the church growth movement that was written to a specific audience in January of
Ultimately, by insisting so heavily on the event character of revelation, the focus on the actual content of revelation itself could only be blurred. Its cry for distance gives no room for distance.
Moreover, I could only believe that this sort of arbitrary selection of dogma could only be what has occurred throughout the history of Christianity. Needless to say, by the time I entered seminary, I was somewhat disillusioned by Protestantism as well as Christianity.The perceiving of impermanence, bhikkhus, developed and frequently practiced, removes all sensual passion, removes all passion for material existence, removes all passion for becoming, removes all ignorance, removes and abolishes all conceit of "I am.".
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DR KEVIN MACDONALD, AUTHOR, PSYCHOLOGIST AND HISTORIAN, is a Professor of Psychology at the California State University in Long Beach California.
Kevin MacDonald, PhD: Ever since the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in , Jewish organizations have. 1. Stagnation in the s 2. Western Engagement with the USSR 3. Gorbachev’s Reforms 4. The Loss of Eastern Europe 5. Dissolution of the Soviet Union.
This a guest post by Joshua Lim. Joshua graduated this Spring from Westminster Seminary California, where he earned his MA in historical theology. He was born and raised in the PCUSA.
He spent a few years in college as a Baptist before moving back to a confessional Reformed denomination (URCNA. THE FUNCTIONAL AUTONOMY OF MOTIVES Gordon W.
|The Cosmic Doctrine: The Dawn of Manifestation - Ecosophia||Assurance of salvation is possible only if salvation is a work of God alone.|
|Classics in the History of Psychology -- Allport ()||Allport First published in American Journal of Psychology, 50,|
Allport () First published in American Journal of Psychology, 50,