This was a culture of seasonally transhumant cattle-raising pastoralists protected by a warrior elite, similar to those in other areas of Atlantic Europecentered in the hill-forts, locally termed castrosthat controlled small grazing territories. Archaeological finds identify the culture as continuous with the culture reported by Classical writers from the late 3rd century onwards Almagro-Gorbea and Lorrio. The ethnic map of Celtiberia was highly localized however, composed of different tribes and nations from the 3rd century centered upon fortified oppida and representing a wide-ranging degree of local assimilation with the autochthonous cultures in a mixed Celtic and Iberian stock. Territory of the Celtiberi with possible location of tribes The cultural stronghold of Celtiberians was the northern area of the central meseta in the upper valleys of the Tagus and Douro east to the Iberus Ebro river, in the modern provinces of SoriaGuadalajaraZaragoza and Teruel.
It is located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 3. Stonehenge consists of 4 circles. It consisted originally of a circle of 30 upright stones, their tops linked by lintel stones to form a continuous circle about 30 m across.
The local sandstone, or sarsen, was used for the uprights, which measure 5. A secondary circle and horseshoe were built of bluestones.
The bluestones, so called because of their faintly bluish colour, Iberians in britain formed a circle of 60 stones and a horseshoe shape of 19 stones. These came from the Preseli Mountains in Wales, about miles away from land and sea.
The stones are aligned almost perfectly with the sunrise on the summer solstice, and it is almost unquestioned that Stonehenge was built as a spectacular place of worship.
These "new" people, called Beaker Folk because of their use of pottery drinking vessels, began to use metal implements and to live in a more communal fashion than their ancestors. Some think that they may have been immigrants from the continent, but that contention is not supported by archaeological evidence.
It is likely that they were indigenous people doing the same old things in new ways. Close to Stonehenge is the Heelstone, the direction of this, if you stand in the middle of the circles, points towards midsummer Sunrise.
Also four of the Aubrey Holes have been marked specially, two with mounds of Earth and two with stones. These four holes make a rectangle, the diagonals of which correspond to the rising and setting of the Moon at midsummer and midwinter. How the Stonehenge observatory is believed to have worked is that there was a stone for the Sun, a stone for the Moon and two stones representing the nodal points where the Moon and Sun's paths intersect each other.
The Moon stone would be moved, anticlockwise, one hole every half day, the Sun stone would be moved one hole in the same direction every 13 half days, the nodal points would be moved three holes clockwise every year.
Stonehenge was built in several stages. The earliest building stage dates from around to BCE, when the outer circular bank and ditch were built, about feet in diameter.
Just inside the bank, 56 post holes were dug, each of which would presumably have held a wooden post. These are what are now known as the Aubrey holes, named after the 17th century antiquary and writer John Aubrey, who noted them in The purpose of these holes is unknown, although it has been conjectured that they could have functioned as an astronomical calculator, or even as a calendar, with a post or posts being moved to different holes as the year progressed.
During the scecond stage dating from around BC, some 82 bluestones from the Preseli mountains, in south-west Wales were transported to the site. It is thought these stones, some weighing 4 tonnes each were dragged on rollers and sledges to the headwaters on Milford Haven and then loaded onto rafts.
They were carried by water along the south coast of Wales and up the rivers Avon and Frome, before being dragged overland again to near Warminster in Wiltshire. The final stage of the journey was mainly by water, down the river Wylye to Salisbury, then the Salisbury Avon to west Amesbury.
This astonishing journey covers nearly miles. Once at the site, these stones were set up in the centre to form an incomplete double circle. However, the cremation deposits found in the Aubrey holes and elsewhere on the site suggest that the purpose of Stonehenge at this time was as a funeral site where bodies would have been cremated.
A team from Oxford University has discovered that the Celts, Britain's indigenous people, are descended from a tribe of Iberian fishermen who . Stonehenge in England is one of the most famous sites and greatest mysteries in the world. It is located in the English county of Wiltshire, about kilometres . We will get you on your Iberia USA flight, make sure you have the hotel you want, More Flight Combinations · All Major Airlines · Unrivaled Inventory · More Flights; Low Prices,+ followers on Twitter.
The third stage of Stonehenge, about BC, saw the arrival of the Sarsen stones, which were almost certainly brought from the Marlborough Downs near Avebury, in north Wiltshire, about 25 miles north of Stonehenge.
The largest of the Sarsen stones transported to Stonehenge weigh 50 tonnes and transportation by water would have been impossible, the stones could only have been moved using sledges and ropes. Modern calculations show that it would have taken men using leather ropes to pull one stone, with an extra men needed to lay the huge rollers in front of the sledge.
These stones were arranged in an outer circle with a continuous run of lintels. Inside the circle, five trilithons were placed in a horseshoe arrangement, whose remains we can still see today.Iberians. Their name derived from the river Iberus (modern Ebro), they were the prehistoric inhabitants of the Great Britain.
They settled along the western and southern parts of Britain, and then spread further north as well as to Ireland. The Iberians are the oldest historically known inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula.
The first theory suggests that they arrived in Spain during the Neolithic period and the second thinks that they may have originated in North Africa. The Celtiberians were a group of Celts or Celticized peoples inhabiting the central-eastern Iberian Peninsula during Appian and Martial who recognized intermarriage between Celts and Iberians after a period of continuous is known from Britain, attested by 2nd century AD discharge diplomas.
See also. Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian. The Iberians and the Celts The Celts They arrived in Great Britain in b. C. and mixed with the Iberians. They lived in the bronze and iron - age, therefore their civilisation was more evolved. They used metal tools and weapons.
They also made jewels. They practised farming and trade. About years B.C.
pre-celtic people had already settled in Great Britain. These were called the Iberians. Probably the came from Spain, which was also called the Iberian penisula/5(2). Some of these ribes settled in the southern, eastern and western part of Great Britain.
These were calle the Celts, who imposed themselves on the Iberians and had a more sophisticated culture/5(2).