Haiti, a name that means "mountainous country," is derived from the language of the Taino Indians who inhabited the island before European colonization. After independence inthe name was adopted by the military generals, many of them former slaves, who expelled the French and took possession of the colony then known as Saint Domingue. In95 percent of the population was of African descent, and the remaining 5 percent mulatto and white.
His partner that first season was a dentist and exhibition shooter, Dr. The idea had been around for a long time. Elevated walkways enabled royal visitors to watch the Indians play at real life.
Exotic elements of Native American life later became staples of European and American circuses. Horse shows and menageries with exotic animals had been popular in America since the eighteenth century.
The birth of the Wild West as a successful genre was largely a product of personality, dramatic acumen, and good timing. The golden age of outdoor shows began in the s, and with his theatre experience Buffalo Bill already was skilled in the use of press agentry and poster advertising.
His fame and credibility as a westerner lent star appeal and an aura of authenticity. Most important, Cody gave the show a dramatic narrative structure.
Features such as the Pony Express, the wagon train, or the attack on the stagecoach recreated specific and well-known events.
An orator boomed the script to the audience from an elevated platform in the arena. One of the biggest names in American circus, Adam Forepaugh, jumped into the Wild West business in The Battle of the Little Big Horn had been featured in many stage melodramas and was an obvious event for the Wild West both for its audience appeal and its narrative power.
The next twenty years saw the rise and fall of dozens of smaller-scale Wild Wests. The role of Indian people was both essential and anomalous in the Wild West. At least in the big shows, they generally were treated and paid the same as other performers.
They were able to travel with their families, and they earned a living not possible to them on their reservations. They were encouraged by Buffalo Bill and others to retain their language and rituals. They gained access to political and economic leaders, and their causes were sometimes argued in the published show programs.
Yet they were stereotyped as mounted, war-bonneted warriors, the last impediment to civilization. Thus they had to re-fight a losing war nightly; and their hollow victory in the Little Big Horn enactments demonstrated over and over to their audiences the justification for American conquest.
Annie Oakley broke ground when she and her husband and manager, Frank Butler, joined Buffalo Bill early in Not only could she outshoot most men, she did it while remaining entirely feminine, even girlish. By the turn of the century, it was not uncommon for women like Tad Lucas to ride bucking broncos in the arena.
Although there were fewer places for women in the shows, surviving records indicate that Buffalo Bill, at least, paid women equally with the men. At first they were well-represented among the cowboys. The famous Esquivel brothers of San Antonio, for instance, were presented as vaqueros.
However, contingents representing the all-black 9th and 10th U.History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of a Nation.
Hispaniola was discovered by Christopher Columbus in and was the first island in the New World settled by the Spanish. Wild, Wild West and David Lowenthal.
Essay by fmurdoch, University, Master's, A-, October download word file, 3 pages download word file, 3 pages 3 votes 2 reviews/5(2). NNDB has added thousands of bibliographies for people, organizations, schools, and general topics, listing more than 50, books and , other kinds of references.
They may be accessed by the "Bibliography" tab at the top of most pages, or via the "Related Topics" box in the sidebar. Please. David Lowenthal Landscape is experienced in countless ways by all human beings, both individually and as members of communities, nations and humanity as a whole.
This is an essay about PROPOSITION 5 Gambling on the Indian reservations. Wild, Wild West and David Lowenthal. cult of preservation.
The Past is a Foreign Country shows that although the past has ceased to be a . The “Wild West” is an expression used to refer to life in the western United States during the late s.
For decades, films and books have depicted the Wild West as a .